Sport comprises several dimensions of human acting and behavior, where motor, cognitive, and affective components play a role and which result in the production of many different movement patterns. Sport psychology deals as applied and special psychology and as theory fieald of sport science with different aspects of human sport-related behaviour.
This relates to causes and preconditions, process structures, experiences as well as results and socially implicit relationships of movement behaviour in sport. A system of sport psychology can be seen under three perspectives : 1. psychology of different sports such as e.g. swimming, 2. psychology of different sport areas, e.g. top-level athletics, 3. psychology of basic behaviour patterns in sport, e.g. psychology of play.
GABLER (1983, 353-355) defines sport psychology as follows: