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Assessing The Endurance of Arm Muscles Athlete's With Push-Ups Test [Press-Up Test]

Tuesday, March 15, 2016

Assessing The Endurance of Arm Muscles Athlete's With Push-Ups Test [Press-Up Test]

Push Ups Test /Press Up Test. The objective of this test is to assess the endurance of your athlete's upper body muscles.

Required resources
To undertake this test you will require:
  • Flat surface
  • Mat
  • Stop watch
  • Partner.
How to conduct the test
The push-ups test is conducted as follows:
  • Lie on the mat, hands shoulder width apart & fully extend the arms -see Figure 1
  • Lower the body until the elbows reach 90° - see Figure 2
  • Return to the starting position with the arms fully extended - see Figure 1
  • The feet are not to be held
  • The push up action is to be continuous with no rest
  • Complete as many press-ups as possible
  • Record the total number of full body press-ups.
Push Ups Test /Press Up Test

Female athletes tend to have less relative strength in the upper body and therefore can use the modified press up position to assess their upper body strength. The test is then performed as follows:
  • Lie on the mat, hands shoulder width apart, bent knee position & fully extend the arms - see Figure 3
  • Lower the upper body until the elbows reach 90° - see Figure 4
  • Return to the starting position with the arms fully extended - see Figure 3
  • The feet are not to be held
  • The push up action is to be continuous with no rest
  • Complete as many modified press-ups as possible
  • Record the total number of modified press-ups.
Modified Push Ups Test /Press Up Test Female
Analysis
Analysis of the result is by comparing it with the results of previous tests. It is expected that, with appropriate training between each test, the analysis would indicate an improvement.

Assessment
The table below provide standards for scoring the full body push-up and the modified push-up test.

Target group
This test is suitable for active individuals but not for those where the test would be contraindicated.

Reliability
Reliability would depend upon how strict the test is conducted and the individual's level of motivation to perform the test.

Validity
There are published tables to relate results to potential level of fitness and the correlation is high.

Reference
Mackenzie, Brian. 2005. 101 Performance Evalution Test. Electric World Plc. London.