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Assessing Leg Strength Athlete's with Standing Broad Jump Test

Saturday, April 02, 2016

Assessing Leg Strength Athlete's with Standing Broad Jump Test

Standing Long Jump Test or Standing Broad Jump Test. The objective of this test is to monitor the development of the athlete's elastic leg strength.

Required resources
To undertake this test you will require:
•   Long jump pit
•   30 metre tape measure
•   Assistant.

How to conduct the test?
The athlete places their feet over the edge of the sandpit. The athlete crouches, leans forward, swings their arms backwards, the jumps horizontally as far as possible, jumping with both feet into the sandpit. The coach should measure from the edge of the sandpit to the nearest point of contact. The start of the jump must be from a static position.
standing broad jump test

Analysis
Analysis of the result is by comparing it with the results of previous tests. It is expected that, with appropriate training between each test, the analysis would indicate an improvement.

Normative data for the standing long jump test
The following data has been obtained from the results of tests conducted with world class athletes. 
Table reference: D.A. Chu, Explosive Power and Strength, Human Kinetics; 1996

The following table is for 15 to 16 year old athletes.
Gender
Excellent
Above average
Average
Below Average
Poor
Male
>2.01m
2.00-1.86m
1.85-1.76m
1.75-1.65m
<1.65m
female
>1.66m
1.65-1.56m
1.55-1.46m
1.45-1.35m
<1.35m

The following table is for male and female adults.
Gender
Excellent
Above average
Average
Below Average
Poor
Male
>3.0m
2.7m
2.5m
2.3m
<2.0m
female
>2.8m
2.5m
2.2m
1.9m
<1.7m

Target group
This test is suitable for active individuals but not for those where the test would be contraindicated.

Reliability
Reliability would depend upon how strict the test is conducted and the individual's level of motivation to perform the test.

Validity
There are published tables to relate results to potential level of fitness and the correlation is high.

Reference
Mackenzie, Brian. 2005. 101 Performance Evalution Test. Electric World Plc. London.