The objective of the Bruce treadmill test is to monitor the development of the athlete's general endurance (VO2max).
Required resources
To undertake this test you will require:
 Treadmill where speed and grade of slope can be adjusted
 Stop watch
 Assistant.
Stage

Time (min)

Speed (km/hr)

Slope

1

0

2.74

10%

2

3

4.02

12%

3

6

5.47

14%

4

9

6.76

16%

5

12

8.05

18%

6

15

8,85

20%

7

18

9.65

22%

8

21

10.46

24%

9

24

11.26

26%

10

27

12.07

28%

The treadmill is set up with the Stage 1 speed (2.74 km/hr) and grade of dope (10%) and the athlete commences the test.
At the appropriate times during the test the speed and slope of the treadmill are adjusted. So after 3 minutes into the test the speed is adjusted to 4.02 km/hr and the slope to 12% after 6 minute into the test the speed is adjusted to 5.47 km/hr and the slope to 14% and so on.
The assistant starts the stop watch at the start of the test and stop it when the athlete is unable to continue  this ideally should be between 9 and 15 minutes.
Analysis
Analysis of the result is by comparing it with the results of previous tests. It is expected that, with appropriate training between each test, the analysis would indicate an improvement.
Active and sedentary men  Foster et a/. 1984
From the total walk/run time an estimate of the athlete's VO2max can calculated as follows:
 VO2max = 14.8  (1.379 x T) + (0.451 x T2)  (0.012 x T3)
 "T" is the total time of the test expressed in minutes and fractions of a minute eg 13 minutes 15 seconds = 13.25 minutes.
From the total walk/run time an estimate of the athlete's V02max can be calculated as follows:
 VO2max = 4.38 x T  3.9
 "T" is the total time of the test expressed in minutes and fractions of a minute.
This test is suitable for active and sedentary individuals but not for those where the test would be contraindicated.
Reliability
Reliability would depend upon how strict the test is conducted and the individual's level of motivation to perform the test.
Validity
There are published VO2max tables and the correlation to actual VO2max is high.
Reference
Mackenzie, Brian. 2005. 101 Perforamnce Evalution Test. Electric World Plc. London.