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Endurance Tests Instrument of Aerobic and Anaerobic

Wednesday, September 28, 2016

Endurance Tests Instrument of Aerobic and Anaerobic

Tests of Aerobic and Anaerobic Endurance

Fitness can be measured by the volume of oxygen you can consume while exercising at your maximum capacity. VO2max is the maximum amount of oxygen in millilitres, one can use in one minute per kilogram of body weight. Those who are fit have higher VO2max values and can exercise more intensely than those who are not as well conditioned. Numerous studies show that you can increase your VO2max by working out at an intensity that raises your heart rate beetween 65 and 85% of its maximum for at least 20 minutes three to five times a week. A mean value of VO2max for male athletes is approx. 3.5 litres/minutes and for female athletes it is about 2.7 litres/minute.
Tests of Aerobic and Anaerobic Endurance

Aerobic Endurance

Aerobic fitness is primary for most sports. Trainers must think carefully about the fitness level the believe is appropriate for peak performance and then achieve that. For example, in elite football a high aerobic capacity is important, but for volleyball, a moderate level will suffice. For most games, aerobic fitness governs how quickly one recovers beetween high intensity sections, and how much distance can be covered in a game.

Anaerobic Endurance

During anaerobic (without oxygen) work, involving maximum effort, the body is working so hard that the demands for oxygen and fuel exceed the rate of supply and the muscles have to rely on the stored reserves of fuel. In this situation waste products accumulate, the chief one being lactic acid. The muscles, being starved of oxygen, take the body into a state known as oxygen debt. The body's stored fuel soon runs out and activity ceases and will not be resumed until the lactic acid is removed and the oxygen debt repaid. Fortunately the body can resume limited activity after even only a small proportion of the oxygen debt has been repaid.

Endurance Tests

The following are examples of aerobic endurance tests:
  • Astrand treadmill test
  • Balke treadmill test
  • Balke VO2max test
  • Bruce treadmill test
  • The 2.4km run test
  • Conconi test
  • Cooper VO2max test
  • Critical swim speed
  • Harvard step test
  • Astrand cycle test
  • Home step test
  • Three minute step test
  • Multistage fitness test
  • Queens college step test
  • Rockport fitness walking test
  • Tecumseh step test
  • Treadmill VO2max test
  • VO2max from a one mile jog
  • VO2max from non-exercise data
  • Running based anaerobic sprint test (RAST)
  • Tri-level aerobic test
  • Tri-level lactic power test
  • Tri-level Atactic Power Test
  • Cunningham and Faulkner test

Reference

Mackenzie, Brian. 2005. 101 Perforamnce Evalution Test. Electric World Plc. London.