Strength Measurement. The nature of strength is always difficult to define. The strong runner, the strong shot-putter and the strong jumper clearly have little in common and yet we consistently lump strength attributes together as if we are looking for the same result for each event.
- Strength Endurance - the ability to move a light resistance for an extended period of time
- Absolute Dynamic Strength - the maximum force that a muscle can generate and apply to create movement
- Absolute Static Strength - the maximum force that a muscle can generate and apply without producing movement
- Reactive Strength - the maximum force that muscles can apply in response to a force in the opposite direction
- Power - which most people confuse with 'strength', but is actually the absolute dynamic strength multiplied by the speed it can be applied.
From these it is clear that different events/sports need different 'strengths', and different 'strengths' need different training methods.
Strength Evaluation Tests
The following are examples of core strength tests:
- Core muscle strength and stability test
- Curl up test
- Canadian crunch test
- Sit ups test.
The following are examples of elastic strength tests:
- Jumps decathlon
- Leg strength test
- Standing long jump test
- Sprint bound Index test
- Sergeant jump test.
The following are examples of general strength tests:
- Chin up test
- Grip strength test
- Medicine ball javelin quadrathlon
- Push Up/Press up test
- Bench press test
- Universal bench press test
- Metronome bench press test
- Overhead press test
- Leg press test
- Leg curl test
- Dynamic knee extension test
- Bicep curl test
- Squats test
- Handgrip strength test
- Wall squat test
- Flexed arm hang test.
The following are examples of general strength and aerobic tests:
- The McCloy physical fitness test
- The Quadrathlon
- The Wilf Paish rugby football tests.
Mackenzie, Brian. 2005. 101 Performance Evalution Test. Electric World Plc. London.